Sunday, August 4, 2013

A visit to Chandigarh- The City Beautiful and City of Peace

I went to Chandigarh on 31st December and stayed there until 5th January at NITTTR(National Institute of Technical Teachers Training and Research) Chandigarh, in 26 sector. I will put here some information about Chandigarh which might be enjoyable for you to read.
Me sitting at a cafe near to Sukhna Lake
Chandigarh is an Union territory which also serve as the capital of the two states Punjab and Haryana.
Longitude:76.78 deg East
Latitude: 30.75 deg North
Altitude: varies 304m to 365m from MSL
Language: Punjabi and others.
 Best time to visit: Any time of year


How to reach?

Chandigarh has all the facilities to reach at, like Airport, Railway station and a numbers of NH connect Chandigarh to other areas of the country.
Airport: Chandigarh Airport is situated at the Chandigarh industrial Area Phase 2.

Railways: Chandigarh Railway station lies in the Northern Railways zone of the Indian railways. It connects the following major cities of the India through the railways:
Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Indore, Amritsar, Jaipur, Bhopal, Lucknow, Panipat, Ambala, Kalka.

Bus servies: It is connected with NH-21 and NH-22, and buses run from the 2 ISBT(Inter State Bus terminals) one at sector 17 and other at sector 43. Chandigarh Transportation Undertaking runs a numbers of bus services withing Chandigarh and to many parts of the country. You may not need any vehicle in the day time to travel Chandigarh because their bus services are very nice.


A brief History of Chandigarh:

Open Hand - Le Corbusier mark- near to Sukhna Lake
Chandigarh derived its name from a Goddess Chandi temple located near to the site chosen for the city. The architecture of the city was planned by a French Architect, named Mon Le Corbusier.

It was the first planned city after independence. Its need arose after the partition of the Punjab after the independence in 1947, whose earlier capital was Lahore, which is now in Pakistan. Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru wanted a city which could be a symbol of the free India, unfettered from the past tradition of India.

After the selection of the site the architectural planning work was given to the committee headed by the Mon  Le Corbusier. The city is planned in a rectangular road pattern, and roads are classified into 7 categories, known as 7V's. Buses are allowed only in V-1. V-2. V-3 and V-4 roads.

He planned this city similar to a human being, sector 1, being the head and City center Plaza sector 17 being its heart. It is divided into sectors numbering from 1 to 63 but 13, 57,58,59, 60 and 62 are not constructed, each sector is 800 m * 1200 m (1/2 mile * 3/4 miles).

To save the city from pollution, in industrial area only such industries should be allowed which run on electricity. Landscaping was done with the selected shrubs, and trees for the climate and soil of the site. 26 different types of flowering species and 22 evergreen tree species were selected for the
plantation and landscaping of the city.

Other famous spots to Visit at Chandigarh:

Rock Garden: Rock Garden is also known as the rock sculpture garden or Nek Chand Rock Garden. Nek Chand was born on December 15, 1924 at Sarkagarh(British Empire) now in Pakistan but they shifted to Chandigarh after the partition in 1947.
He was a govt. employee and secretly worked to form the sculptures of the dancers, musicians and animals using the city's waste material from the demolition sites. He chose a site near to Sukhna Lake and his work was illegal so he did he secretly.

His work was discovered after 18 years in 1975, and it was liable to demolition but after getting public support saved it and in 1976 this park was inaugurated as a public place. Nek Chand continued his work and he was now given salary for this work and also he was provided with a labor force. Rock Garden society  took over its administration after 1996 when he left for a foreign lecture tour. Rock Garden gets more than 5000 visitor in a day.

 Zakir Hussain Rose Garden:
This garden is named after our former vice president Zakir Hussain was established in 1966 under the guidance of first Chief commissioner of Chandigarh Late Sh. M.S. Randhava.

 It is situated in the sector 16, Chandigarh. This Garden is Asia's largest rose garden spread over 17 acres land, containing about 17000 plants, and representing 1600 varieties of roses.

Chandigarh is famous for other gardens in Chandigarh like, shanti Kunj in sector 16, Terraced garden in sector 33, TOPIARY Park sector 35, HIBISCUS Garden in sector 36 and Garden of fragrance in sector 36.

Sukhna Lake:
Sukhna Lake after the Sun-set
It is an artificial lake and a very lovely gift of Le Corbusier. It is a rain-fed lake and a dam was constructed to catch the water from a Sukhna Choe, a seasonal stream coming down from the Shivalik hills. Sukhna Lake is adjacent to sector 5,6 on south and sector 1 on west. It also acts as a wild life sanctuary for many species of the birds.

The road on the top of the dam is prohibited to vehicular traffic, and so the place is best suited for evening walks, and the joggers for staying fit.
There is yet so much you have to find about chandigarh, this article is not sufficient to describe everything here.